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Actionbioscience.org is a non-commercial, educational web site created to promote bioscience literacy. The web site provides peer reviewed articles by scientists, science educators, and science students on issues related to six bioscience content areas: environment, biodiversity, genomics, biotechnology, evolution, and science policy. Actionbioscience.org is owned and operated by the American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS), a scientific association dedicated to advancing biological research and education for the welfare of society.
This site provides data on taxa of the macrofungal, largely ectomycorrhizal genus Amanita, the saprobic genus Limacella, and the family Amanitaceae (Agaricales, Basidiomycetes, Fungi) of which these genera are the only known members.
The focus of this site is on angiosperms, although treatments of gymnosperm groups were added in 2005
ANTHOS is a program developed to display information about the biodiversity of plants in Spain online. The geographical scope of the project is the Iberian Peninsula, the Balearic Islands and the Canarian Islands as a representation of biogeographic units so as to study the distribution of one or more taxa throughout national and surrounding areas.
The Atlas provides detailed information on 105 species or subspecies of wild Guatemalan plants that are related to crops, including their description, distribution, diversity and conservation status. The species are organized into genepools corresponding to the 29 crops that were chosen for this study because of their economic, cultural and biological importance.
This website provides a unique access to the set of over 15,000 images J. Francis Macbride made in Berlin of material collected in Central and South America from 1778 through May 1930. The 154 plant families represented are predominated by Asteraceae, Fabaceae, Rubiaceae, Melastomataceae, Solanaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Araceae, Acanthaceae, Bromeliaceae and Piperaceae.
The Biodiversity Heritage Library-Australia is the digital literature component of the Atlas of Living Australia. Increase the exposure of Australian literature, e.g. by linking BHL-Au to national catalogues, such as the National Library of Australia’s Trove. Scope and undertake new digitisation projects to add new Australian-published literature, or rare literature held in Australian libraries
Open Access, Full-text scans of taxonomic and allied literature in the natural sciences
databases containing documented, taxonomically harmonized species inventories of plants and animals reported from the world's protected areas. These databases provide access to information that is otherwise largely unavailable via the internet and provide a mechanism for protected areas and protected area systems to publish their species inventories when they would otherwise be unable to do so.
The Biota of North America Program (BONAP) maintains relatively complete phytogeographic and related botanical databases for all free-living vascular plants in North America (north of Mexico). For over four decades, BONAP has worked collaboratively with many federal and state government agencies, private groups and individual specialists across the continent to produce and edit our databases.
This website is dedicated to the study of members of the Ericaceae that occur in the tropical Americas, more specifically within the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn (23°30'N-23°30'S).
The Boletineae, a suborder of Boletales, is treated here to include the mushroom genera assigned to the Boletaceae by Singer (1986). Much of the recent generic recognition is derived from phylogenetic inferences published by Nuhn et al. (2013) and Wu et al. (2014). Specimens housed in herbarium NY can be accessed or searched.
Botanische Wandtafeln, or, Botanical Wallcharts, show anatomical and morphological details of plants. The Harvard Botany Libraries and Archives own several incomplete sets of Botanische Wandtafeln, among them charts by Leopold Kny, Alios Pokorny, Engleder, Hartinger and Schlitzberger.
Over 3000 entries giving an exhaustive nomenclatural synopsis of all Carnivorous Plants. Includes images, citations to published articles and geographic range.
The Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life is planned to become a comprehensive catalogue of all known species of organisms on Earth.
Full text of fascicles in the series available as PDF
Web access to a botanical database developed from The World List of Cycads, with a page for every known cycad.
DEEMY is an information system for determination and characterisation of ectomycorrhizae. The goal is to offer a online database system for multiple usage and therewith dissemination of expert knowledge especially by providing public access to database generated identification keys, natural language descriptions and illustrations of ectomycorrhizae
DocuBase is a set of services that allows users to store, organize and maintain network-accessible distributed document resources. Examples of such resources are on-line readers for courses, collections of documents related to some topic, collections of personal documents, technical report series, and collections of documents mantained by a working group.
This database began life as a repository of information for projects on New Zealand weeds, and wetland plants. It holds a list of all native and all naturalised higher plant species. Most effort to date has been on entering data on the naturalised flora and this information is updated from time to time. The ecological trait data covers world and local distributional data, morphological, reproduction, and other attributes that influence species' environmental responses, and interactions with other plants and animals. Attributes relevant to weed management such as response to damage, reproduction capacity, seed longevity, and weed status elsewhere are included. The database does not capture information on weed control methods. Data are derived from publications and databases on the the New Zealand Floras and many other publications.
Information and the images that have been collected about Elaphoglossum.
The Encyclopedia of Life (EOL) works to provide global access to knowledge about life on Earth. The Encyclopedia of Life gathers and shares scientific knowledge about all living things in a single online resource
Flora del Bajío and Adjacent Regions publish the inventory of vascular plant species that grow wild in the states of Guanajuato, Querétaro and the northern part of Michoacan, Mexico. The latter includes areas located east of the meridian 102º 10 'W and north of the watershed of the Balsas river basin.
Flora of Israel Online presents a plant finder, distribution maps, presentations and articles related to Israeli wildflowers.
This site provides information about the flowering plants and ferns of Mozambique. This is a sister site to the Flora of Botswana, Caprivi, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe websites, which together cover the Flora Zambesiaca area.
Florabank1 is a database that contains distributional data on the wild flora (indigenous species, archeophytes and naturalised aliens) of Flanders and the Brussels Capital Region. It holds about 3 million records of vascular plants, dating from 1800 till present.
This online flora provides access to all published volumes of the Flore d’Afrique Centrale. It covers about 6,000 vascular plant taxa from the Democratic Republic Congo, Rwanda and Burundi. The Flore d’Afrique Centrale has been published since 1948 and has been digitised from the paper volumes. Errors produced by the digitisation have been corrected, but apart from a few exceptions the text in the online version is identical to the original version.
The Global Flora is a new international serial for botanical taxonomy, to provide accepted species-level classifications for all vascular plant families. The serial has three series: (A) Angiosperms (following APG IV, 2016); (B) Lycopods, Ferns and Gymnosperms (classification following Christenhusz et al., 2017); and (C) special editions. The first two series will only treat monophyletic taxa on a global scale (e.g. family, subfamily, tribe, genus or section). The special editions series aims to make significant contributions to the body of plant systematic knowledge and typically will be of a global botanical scope.
The Global Names Architecture (GNA) is a system of databases, programs, and web services - a cyberinfrastructure - that will be used to discover, index, organize and interconnect on-line information about organisms and their names.
identify over 1,200 common native and naturalized New England plants! Observe closely, collect a sample or take a photo, answer some questions, and narrow down to the correct identification.
Go Orchids is a tool to explore orchids native to the U.S. and Canada. Find information about orchids by searching the site by orchid name, location, or by answering a few questions to identify by key.
This site was created by the Global Plants Initiative (GPI) team at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew to support the digitisation of herbarium specimens. Here we aim to compile resources about collectors, identify their signatures and locate unusual or historical localities.
Herba Atlas has been created to provide a generally available support tool for identification of weeds and acquiring knowledge on their most important properties. Herba is therefore intended for a wide range of users - universities, high school students, teachers, farmers, employees in the municipal sphere, gardeners, and many others. Works as a translation dictionary as well as explanatory dictionary.
This site provides links to on-line UK herbarium resources and contains lots of useful information. There are on-line gazetteers, a handwriting query page, systematic look-up lists (e.g. Kent's List of Vascular Plants of the British Isles) and a collaborative database which ultimately aims to combine the data from all UK and Irish herbaria.
To qualify as a hotspot, a region must meet two strict criteria: it must contain at least 1,500 species of vascular plants (> 0.5 percent of the world’s total) as endemics, and it has to have lost at least 70 percent of its original habitat.
The INCT - Virtual Herbarium of Flora and Fungi promotes free and open access to data, information, and tools available to any individual or group. The INCT Virtual Herbarium of Flora and Fungi aims to provide to society, the government and the scientific community an open infrastructure of publicly available data integrating information from the country’s herbarium collections and repatriating data on collections made on Brazilian soil deposited abroad.
The InsideWood project integrates wood anatomical information from the literature and original observations into an internet-accessible database useful for research and teaching. The InsideWood database contains brief descriptions of fossil and modern woody dicots (hardwoods) from more than 200 plant families, and is searchable by an interactive, multiple-entry key. This wood anatomy web site has over 40,000 images showing anatomical details. Note: Gymnosperm woods (softwoods) are not included.
a comprehensive database of exotic plant names and weed distribution records for five states in the northwestern United States. Noxious weed listings are provided for all US states and six southern tier Canadian provinces. The INVADERS web site contains actual examples of how land management and weed regulatory agencies are using these data to improve their weed management programs.
to create an easily accessible database with reliable information on species names and their hierarchical classification. The database will be reviewed periodically to ensure high quality with valid classifications, revisions, and additions of newly described species. The ITIS includes documented taxonomic information of flora and fauna from both aquatic and terrestrial habitats.
The Jepson Flora Project brings together all of the floristic references and data of the Jepson Herbarium. Resources of the Flora Project are directly linked the the Consortium of California Herbaria, CalPhotos, the California Native Plant Society, California Exotic Pest Plant Council, USDA-Plants database, and many other external sites. the Jepson Flora Project, provides users with a single interface from which they can find the most comprehensive, scientifically accurate sources of information on the California flora
The Economic Botany Collection (EBC) is one of the largest collections of specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. It contains about 85,000 plant raw materials and artifacts representing all aspects of craft and daily life worldwide, including medicines, textiles, basketry, dyes, gums and resins, foods and woods.
Legumes of the World Online (LOWO) advances the knowledge and understanding of the approximately 750 genera of the legume family. LOWO is based upon the book “Legumes of the World” which is transformed here into a web resource offering expanded and updated information about legume genera. The Legume Research Team at RBG Kew manages and updates LOWO through collaboration with an international community of legume systematic botanists. Users of LOWO can browse and search for information about legume genera through the traditional subfamily-tribe-genus hierarchy or within a modern phylogeny-based classification.
various websites on lichens from the French Association for Lichenology website
Providing worldwide access to Linnean Society of London digitized collections of specimens, manuscripts, letters, books and artwork.
An intensive inventory of the macrofungi (i.e., mushrooms, boletes, puffballs, bracket fungi, etc.) of Costa Rica began to document the diversity of Neotropical macrofungi to further our understanding of their biology and to include them in forest management plans and conservation activities. The information has added significantly to our knowledge of Neotropical mycology and is available for subsequent studies on the ecology and systematics of macrofungi by the collaborators and the rest of the mycological community.
A Site with Information on the Biodiversity of Melastomataceae.
Morphbank :: Biological Imaging is a continuously growing database of images that scientists use for international collaboration, research and education.
The NAL Digital Collections has been formed to help fulfill the NAL's mandate to: acquire and preserve substantive or essential information in the agricultural sciences,document United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) research, and serve as a national resource for agricultural information.
The National Wetland Plant List (NWPL) represents a collaborative effort between four Federal agencies, under the administrative responsibilities of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, to update and administer the national list. In a several-year effort, the NWPL was updated for nomenclature, taxonomy, and wetland ratings for 8,154 species across the United States and territories. The wetland ratings represent the frequency of occurrence of a plant species in a wetland and are used in direct support of the Section 404 of the Clean Water Act, the Swampbuster provisions under the Farm Bill, and the National Wetland Inventory Program.
The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant.
Our mission is to facilitate conservation of rare animals, rare plants, and natural ecosystems, which we commonly refer to as "natural communities." We combine thorough field inventories, scientific analyses, expert interpretation, and comprehensive databases on New York's flora and fauna to deliver quality information to partners working in natural resource conservation.
A selection of titles from the library of the Kroměříž palace and gardens including botanical works by Bauhin, Jacquin, Trattinnick and Volkamer
Originally published as part of the Index to Scientific Names of Organisms Cited in the Linnaean Dissertations together with a Synoptic Bibliography of the Dissertations and a Concordance for Selected Editions (Robert W. Kiger, Charlotte A. Tancin and Gavin D. R. Bridson, 1999). The database of the Original Linnaean Dissertations, compiled by Tancin and based on a handlist prepared by Bridson, includes in each entry the Lidén number, respondent, title, date of defense, pagination, short title, Lidén title, Soulsby title, Drake title and note
An Online Publication on fossil and recent Pollen and Spores. Use is free but users must register.
You can use this site to find out about fossil collections, individual plants and animals, taxonomic groups, references to publications, stratigraphic units, time scales, and time intervals.
Database of plant checklists from the flora of Pennsylvania project, searchable by county, watershed, physiography
The PO is organized in a complex hierarchical structure in which botanical concepts are described by their precise logical definitions and their relationships to one another.
The PLANTS Database provides standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories.
A collaborative project aiming to use a meta-analytic approach to investigate how local biodiversity typically responds to human pressures such as land-use change, pollution, invasive species and infrastructure, and ultimately improve our ability to predict future biodiversity changes.
We record the geographical location of Proteas throughout southern Africa for the benefit of Conservation, Rural Communities, Farmers, Reserve Managers, Tourism, Cut Flower Trade and Botany.
The Royal Society is the world’s oldest scientific publisher, with the first edition of Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society appearing in 1665. The historical journal archive – which includes the first ever peer-reviewed scientific journal – has been made permanently free to access online. Around 60,000 historical scientific papers are accessible via a fully searchable online archive, with papers published more than 70 years ago now becoming freely available.
SIBIS provides access to over 1.6 million occurrence records and comprehensive coverage of South Africa’s 22 000+ plant species. Animal species are being added as they become available.
Several databases citing several accessions of one species, acquired from different sources. The accessions are documented by collecting herbarium material, photography, etc. and, together with the passport data including verification, source and conservation data,are stored in the main Solanaceae database of the Experimental Garden and Genebank. Authority abbreviations with respect to plant names are used according to R.K. Brummit and C.E. Powell.
The web pages about Costa Rican species are electronic publications that provide basic information on the species of different groups of organisms found in Costa Rica. The scientific information is presented in a simple technical language. The resulting publications include photos and illustrations, information about natural history, conservation and demography, distribution, importance for humankind, taxonomy, and references. Almost all the information is written in Spanish.
Species-ID is dedicated to the description and identification of life on earth. Identification means to have an unknown organism at hand and to correctly infer the scientific name for it. Species-ID offers a friendly platform for widespread collaborations. The founders of Species-ID believe in the power of sharing and collaborating. The charter of Species-ID aims to reduce the need to set up little boxes by providing a space able to support general as well as specific content and bring the community interested in species identification closer together.
speciesLink is a distributed information system that integrates primary data from biological collections. speciesLink network, an e-infrastructure that provides free and open access to biodiversity primary data and associated tools. SpeciesLink currently integrates 382 datasets from 135 national institutions and 13 institutions from abroad, openly sharing ~7.4 million records.
The Tree of Life Web Project is a collection of information about biodiversity. Its goal is to contain a page with pictures, text, and other information for every species and for each group of organisms, living or extinct. Connections between Tree of Life web pages follow phylogenetic branching patterns between groups of organisms, so visitors can browse the hierarchy of life and learn about phylogeny and evolution as well as the characteristics of individual groups.
TreeBASE is a relational database designed to manage and explore information on phylogenetic relationships. It includes phylogenetic trees and data matrices, together with information about the relevant publication, taxa, morphological and sequence-based characters, and published analyses.
The data presented here are taken from the publication Vascular Plant Families and Genera compiled by R. K. Brummitt and published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew in 1992.
This project aims to document all the vascular plants of a region that is key to the understanding of plant biodiversity and plant conservation in the Neotropics. We will also assess which plant species are most important for conservation.
ZooBank is intended as the official registry of Zoological Nomenclature, according to the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN).